How To Choose The Right Truck Tires For 4×4 Truck

Ply rating or load range: what to look for when choosing tires for hauling

When it comes to ply rating, load range and choosing tires for hauling, things can get a little confusing. These numbers (or letters) are branded on the side of a tire’s sidewall and they identify how much load the tire can safely carry at a specified inflation pressure.

Here’s why it can be confusing: A modern tire with a 10-ply rating doesn’t necessarily have 10 actual plies in it. This goes back to the days when tires were made of cotton. Back then, the ply rating referred to how many layers of cotton had been used in the tire’s construction. The number of plies was used to determine the relative strength of the tire (i.e. the more plies, the more heavy-duty the tire).

These days, ply rating has become a redundant term because most radial passenger tires have just one or two body plies. Light truck tires, including those with heavy-duty ratings (10 ply and above), generally have only two or three plies.

In other words, ply rating is merely a reflection of how strong a tire is in terms of withstanding higher inflation pressures and carrying heavier loads.

The Adoption of Load Ranges

Modern technology has allowed manufacturers to create tires with fewer plies, which caused the industry to adopt load range designations over ply ratings. The information is presented in a slightly different manner depending on the type of tire you’re using. This information can be found on the sidewall of your tire.

Passenger Tires feature specific categories, with most falling in the ‘standard load’ range.

Light Load (branded as LL on the sidewall) has a maximum load pressure of 35 PSI

Standard Load (SL or no branding) also has a maximum load pressure of 35 PSI

Extra Load (XL) has a maximum load pressure of 41 PSI

Light Truck Tires (LT) designate ranges in ascending alphabetical order, with load range ‘B’ representing a 4-ply rating at 35 PSI; C representing a 6-ply rating at 50 PSI, and so on. As you can see, the further down the alphabet you go, the strong the tire will be.

Special Trailer Service Tires

Similar to light truck tires, special trailer (ST) tires are usually available in multiple load ranges and follow the same alphabetical rating system as LT tires.

It’s important to note that load range varies by tire size and inflation pressure. For example, a larger tire with a ‘D’ rating will hold more air and can be rated for a higher load than a smaller tire with the same ‘D’ rating. Also, a given tire size at a higher air pressure results in a higher rated load.

Considering Load Index

Regardless of whether you’re changing tire sizes or switching the type of tire you’re using, it’s essential to ensure the load index listed on the new tire’s sidewall is either equal to, or greater than, the load index of the tire you’re replacing.

ST Tire Blowouts:

When I talk about ST tire blowouts I am not referring to what we just discussed referencing the defective Chinese tires. In a nutshell most trailer tire blowouts are not a result of ‘bad or inferior’ tires, they are a result of one or more of the following conditions.

  • Overloaded tires. Every tire manufactured has a load rating based on the tire’s inflation pressure. A tire’s maximum load is the most weight the tire is designed to support at the inflated pressure. ST tires have some of the highest load ratings. This is one of the reasons they are designated for use on trailers. Truck and automobile tires do not have to withstand the weight and stress that is put on trailer tires. The only way to know if a tire is overloaded is to weigh the trailer by individual wheel position. It is quite possible to weigh an axle and be within the axle weight rating, but when the tire positions on each axle end are weighed separately a tire rating can be overloaded.
  • Over & under-inflated tires. Another culprit for tire blowouts is over & under-inflated tires. Failure to maintain the correct tire pressure for the load can result in fast tread wear, uneven wear and poor handling which can all lead to tire failure. Remember, the load rating for a tire is only accurate if the tire is properly inflated for the load. Under-inflated tires cause extreme heat buildup that leads to tire failure. Tire manufacturers publish tire load and inflation tables with information on the correct tire inflation pressure for the load. A big reason tires fail is they are not properly inflated for the load. The appearance of the tire can look normal on the outside, but the internal damage is not visible. Tires with internal damage caused by under- inflation can fail catastrophically without warning. One thought is to inflate the tires to the maximum ‘cold’ pressure found on the tires sidewall if you don’t know the exact load on the tires, or the exact weight of the trailer. This should not however serve as an excuse to not weigh the trailer.
  • Improper weight distribution. When a manufacturer builds an RV weight distribution is critical. The weight from front- to-back and side-to-side must be carefully considered to avoid having too much tongue weight, too little tongue weight and/or too much weight placed on the trailer’s tires. The manufacturer did its job distributing the weight when the unit was built, now the RV owner must do their job by properly distributing any weight added to the trailer. Some tire overload conditions can be corrected by distributing the weight in the RV, but you still need to weigh the RV by individual wheel position to make sure there is not an overload condition.

What’s the difference between LT and P tires?

‘LT’ are Light Truck Tires which usually are 8 or 10 ply – having 8–10 layers of steel belt (or thicker gauge belts which are of equal strength to said number of layers). This creates a more robust tire which is capable of handling heavier loads on rough terrain.

‘P’ are tires which are more or less designed to operate predominantly on Streets and even terrain. While originally this was intended only for ‘Passenger’ cars – P-Metric tires can be used on Light/Medium Duty Trucks and SUVs. Typically you will see them more widely used in more urbanized locations – where the vehicle spend more time on paved streets then on gravel or off road.

Is a lt and a st tire comparable for 5th wheel

Yes, both special trailer (ST) and light truck (LT) tires can be used on a 5th wheel trailer. They are actually the only two types of tires rated for this use. The reason for this is that tires on a trailer will be subjected to much harsher conditions that require a stiffer sidewall. A condition in which passenger (P) tires are not equipped to handle. Please note there are two different light truck (LT) tires, ones with the LT designation after the wheel diameter (ex. 7.50-16LT) and ones with the LT designation before the aspect ratio (ex. LT275/80-16). The ones with the LT designation after the wheel diameter are the ones that can be used on trailers.

If you are in between a special trailer and light truck tire then try to think of it this way. The light truck tires are made for just that, light trucks but can also be used on trailers due to their sidewall capacity whereas special trailer tires are made specifically for trailers. They will perform better than a light truck tire in my opinion. The only real benefit I see of using a light truck tire is more tread patterns available which won’t really matter when traveling down the open road. They are also more attainable locally.

Bathroom Remodeling Ideas

A Guide to Bathroom Design

While not every bath can be the statement-making bath made popular in the ornate 1980s, every bath can benefit from the flow of great new ideas entering the market. Even baths that can’t be enlarged are looking and feeling much better these days, thanks to inventive fixtures, attractive personal touches, appealing color schemes, and intelligent design.

Creating a better bath isn’t just an indulgence; it’s a smart idea. One of the best home improvement investments you can make is adding a second full bath to a one-bath house or remodeling an existing bath.

Even if you don’t plan to sell your house soon, a new or remodeled bath can make a huge improvement in your family’s quality of life, day in and day out. A new bath can relieve squabbles over morning congestion, and a remodeled one can add a whole new dimension of comfort.

Personalizing Your Bathroom Design

So you’ve decided to design your bathroom? Aside from painting it your favorite shade of blue, you should know how configure the space as well. Jump into the world of bathroom remodeling, and get tips on how to personalize your bathroom design.

New Construction vs. Remodeling Your Bathroom

How you design a bathroom is intricately tied to and influences by whether you’re starting from scratch with a newly constructed bathroom or remodeling an existing one. Learn more about the differences and how to deal with them.

Master Bath Remodel Guide

Remodeling a master bathroom is an exciting (and sometimes stressful) project. But planning your remodel ahead of time can help save you heartache down the road. Talk to a professional bathroom remodeler to find out what options will look best for your space.

Ideas for Master Bathroom Remodeling

Gather your remodeling inspiration from several sources as you start to plan your project. Look at the work from reputable pros to get ideas for your own home. When planning your remodel:

Decide on a style – modern, traditional or something entirely different.

When using tile in your shower, consider using the same style and color of tile on the floor. This will help the room to flow better.

Create a consistent theme for your bathroom that will bring all of your fixtures, appliances and design choices together.

If you have a dull bathroom, experiment with fun tile patterns, paint colors and designs to brighten things up.

Use water and energy-efficient appliances to save money down the road.

Consider your budget with each decision you make.

Utilize Pictures of Master Bathroom Designs & Layouts

If you don’t have much experience drawing or visualizing a new layout, try using pictures for inspiration. Search for:

Pictures taken in homes that match the general layout and flow of your own.

Materials and fixtures in different styles.

The cost of different bathroom materials.

Small Master Bath

A complete tear out and replacement of this space runs from $5,000 to $15,000. For simple surface-level upgrades, like new paint, fresh fixtures and lights, expect to pay about $1,000 to $3,500.

Large Master Bath

A larger remodeling project could run you $12,000 or more depending on how extravagant the project is. The larger your square footage, the higher the cost of your bathroom remodel. This project typically runs around $125 per square foot.


Renovating a bathroom is no easy task, especially if you take on the job yourself. Even if you choose to hire tilers, plumbers and electricians to do the bulk of the work, you still need to manage the project and know how to conduct a bathroom renovation to ensure you have everything organised and that your tradies come in at the right time to ensure they are not working on top of another.

This all takes a lot of time and money. Therefore, you must be organised and realistic about the budget and timeframe for competition. I cannot stress enough how important it is to plan your complete bathroom renovation before you start.

Before You Start

Before you even start thinking about your bathroom renovation, there are many things you need to give consideration to and decide on.

Reason to renovation

Firstly, think about why you want to renovate your bathroom. Is your bathroom outdated and you’re simply looking to renovate it to make it modern? Is your bathroom poorly designed or not meeting your requirements? Are you looking to sell your home and know that a new bathroom will add value?

Set a budget

The biggest pitfall in starting a bathroom renovation is going into it without a set budget. As my example above shows, additional costs can pile up very easily. Therefore, it’s very important to set a realistic budget for your renovation

A Guide to Different Types of Bathroom Renovations

You’re looking at your bathroom and thinking “I wanna do something about this.” You’re not exactly sure what, though. Does it just need a few updates? An entire add-on? A whole change in floor plan?

There are several types of bathroom renovations you can choose to have done. Depending on what your bathroom is already like, you might be able to make a few changes and be satisfied with your bathroom. Or, you could require more of a remodel. Whatever you need, it’s best to be completely clear of it before you start, so you don’t get halfway through and realize you wanted something else all along.

Cosmetic Remodels “Tear & Replace”

These remodels are usually the most simple, because you’re not getting into the nitty-gritty with a change in the floor plan, or with plumbing or electricity in most cases. Cosmetic remodels can breathe new life into your bathroom in a big way, and can make an old bathroom that’s falling apart look brand new.

Floor Plan Remodel “The Redesign”

It might be that your bathroom is just not working for you. You’ve added some family members or roommates, and the flow isn’t what it once used to be. You’re looking at a floor plan redesign. There are endless combinations of floor plans to consider when you redesign your bathroom floor plan. There are also a few standard floor plans that you can use as a guideline when thinking about what you want in a bathroom. These include ideas for full or master bathrooms, three-quarter bathrooms, half bathrooms and so on.


When you decide you’re going to stay in the current home you’re in, you’ll eventually need to remodel your bathroom for aging in place. At its simplest level, you might think about getting a shower seat, adjusting the height of your toilet seat, and/or adding grab bars to the space. There are many considerations when it comes to an aging-in-place design, regardless of whether you decide on a pull and replace bathroom remodel or a more substantial full bathroom redesign.

Bathroom Remodeling Guide

Bathroom remodels are rated among the best home improvement projects in terms of return on investment. Careful planning, and these tips from our project advisors, will help you get the most out of your remodel. Learn how to make smart choices — and avoid common pitfalls — so you can create a space you’ll enjoy for years to come.

1) Establish a budget

Calculate labor and material costs, then add a 10% cushion for unforeseen expenses. Things like damaged or outdated plumbing, electrical, or subfloor often aren’t apparent until the project is underway.

2) Narrow down your style and color palette

Find design ideas in home magazines, blogs, or subscribe to our catalog. Our Shop by Look page is another great source of inspiration. Create your own lists for an easy way to keep your ideas organized.

3) Purchase products and materials

Waiting for a single item can derail your project timeline. Order large items, like your bathtub, about a month in advance, and allow extra time for made-to-order items.

4) Remove old fixtures and flooring

Some homeowners do their own demolition to save money, but it is messy, time-consuming, and potentially dangerous work. Novice DIYers can even cost themselves money by inadvertently damaging plumbing, electrical, flooring, or walls. If you have any doubts about your skills, it’s best to leave demo to the pros.

5) Replace or repair subfloor as needed

A solid, smooth surface is necessary for a perfectly finished floor. Imperfections in the subfloor can ruin the look and cause tiles to crack.

6) Update electrical if needed and add or move receptacles

A bathroom remodel is a great opportunity to add light fixtures and outlets. Consult your local building codes and hire a professional electrician to complete the work.

7) Install bathtub and shower pan or shower enclosure

Shower floors and bathtubs, with the exception of clawfoot-style tubs, should be installed before the flooring.

8) Install new drywall or patch as needed

Make sure to use materials intended for wet or damp locations.

9) Prime and paint walls and ceiling

Satin finish paints are more durable than eggshell finishes and are a good choice for bathrooms. Kilz Tribute is paint and primer in one, and large peel-and-stick samples are available to make it simple to choose the perfect color.

10) Install flooring and baseboards

Furniture-style vanities that are raised up on legs or feet should be installed after the  baseboards. Cabinet-style vanities that sit directly on the floor should be installed before the baseboards.

11) Install shower walls, fixtures, and shower doors

Tiled shower walls require special backer board designed for wet locations.

12) Install the vanity

Think of the vanity as a piece of furniture. Look for one with a cabinet finish, top, and design details to match your decorating style. Vanities add storage space to the bathroom, and some include specialty organizers and integrated power strips.

13) Install the toilet, sinks, and faucets

Use’s sorting tools to quickly find styles that match your decor and features to make life easier.

Proper Maintenance Of Your Garbage Disposal


If you spend a lot of time in your kitchen, you know how your garbage disposal can be your best friend. However, that relationship can quickly turn sour when harmful materials are dumped down your drain


Because the blades in your garbage disposal are not angled, thy are not equipped to grind extremely hard items like bones. If these bones make it past your disposal, they certainly won’t make it down the drain pipes. As a result, you could be facing expensive plumbing repairs down the road.

Egg Shells

Although there has been some debate over this one, it made our list due to the sticky membrane lining of egg shells. While the actual shell can arguably sharpen your disposal blades, there is the risk of the membrane lining sticking to the sides of the disposal, wrapping around the shredder. Therefore, we recommend playing it safe and keeping egg shells away from your disposal.

Fruit Pits

Another major no-no is putting fruit pits down your garbage disposal. This includes the smallest cherry pits to the larger peach, avocado, or nectarine pits. Simply put, if you cannot cut these pits with your sharpest kitchen knife, you can assume your disposal blades certainly won’t be able to, either

Fats and Grease

Just like your shower or sink drains, your kitchen sink drain should be a grease-free zone. Because fats and greasy substances tend to adhere to your pipes and lead to clogs, you should keep them out of your disposal. If you do accidentally pour grease or fat down your disposal, try running hot water down the line.

Is your kitchen-sink disposal environmentally friendly?

If you’re trying to be more eco-friendly at home, should you use your kitchen garbage disposal? It depends. “Keep in mind that when food is added to the wastewater system, it must be further treated,” says

She suggests learning about your local water infrastructure first. For starters, the most eco-friendly option for food waste is to create less of it. For unavoidable food waste, consider donating it or composting. Beyond that, wastewater and environment experts agree that the environmental value of kitchen disposal systems depends on the wastewater system of a given locality. Disposals make sense if your wastewater system is set up to convert food waste into energy, as is the case in a growing number of big cities.

“Any food that is sent down the disposal will be filtered and captured at a wastewater treatment facility. The debris captured are typically sent off to a landfill, incinerator or to an anaerobic digestion facility (for conversion into energy) if one is close by,”

disposals are used in more than 50 percent of U.S. homes and in countless food-service operations. He argues that in addition to convenience, disposals are ecologically beneficial because they divert food waste from landfills.

environmental impact of food waste by sending the processed food particles — from meat, bones, even banana peels — through a home’s plumbing system to facilities equipped to handle them, rather than sitting in landfills and contributing to excess methane,” he says. “A growing number of wastewater facilities are installing equipment that allows them to turn food waste into renewable energy.

What Not to Put Down a Garbage Disposal

A clogged garbage disposal can jam up hours of your day.

The handy kitchen garbage disposal is useful for getting rid of a variety of food scraps and waste that might otherwise create unpleasant smells in the kitchen. However, many foods can actually damage your disposal or render it useless.

A common misunderstanding about garbage disposals is that the device includes “blades,” when in actuality it contains a ring of teeth-like shredders that grind the food and force it down the drain. While there’s no real way to sharpen these shredders (which are still often referred to as blades), keeping them clean is key to an efficient garbage disposal.

Fibrous foods

The strings of celery, artichokes, asparagus, lettuce, corn husks, carrots, onion skins and potato peels can wrap around the grinding teeth, preventing proper operation of the motor. If you feel you must put fibrous foods into your disposal, do so in very small quantities, and run cold water before, during and after operating the unit.

Grease, fats and oils

Greasy foods will distribute a film over the shredding teeth, diminishing their effectiveness. Eventually, the grease will begin to decay, causing an unpleasant odor in the kitchen. Pouring grease into a garbage disposal can result in clogged drains when the grease solidifies (regardless of how much hot water you use).

Egg shells

Some people claim that egg shells sharpen the blades of the unit, but this is not true. The shells’ stringy membrane layers can wrap around the shredder ring, and the shell itself will be ground to a sand-like consistency capable of clogging pipes.

Things You Should Never Put Down the Garbage Disposal

Garbage disposals are a handy convenience. We throw our food particles into the great abyss and flip a switch so that they disappear forever. But we become so accustomed to a working garbage disposal that we may forget its intended use.

Never Put Grease in the Garbage Disposal

I still have vivid memories of my mom yelling at us about dumping grease. Perhaps grease seems like an obvious “no-no”. But absent-minded moments can cause a random dump of a greasy frying pan down the garbage disposal.

The purpose of the disposal is to break down foods and liquid into small particles. The particles then travel down the drain and into the pipes. Grease cannot be broken down and quickly builds up. It can coat and clog your pipes.

Bones are a No-No in Disposal

Bone fragments should be dumped in the trash, or used in compost piles. Whether you dump chicken wings or turkey wishbones down your garbage disposal, they will not break down enough to flow through your pipes.

Coffee Grounds & Dirt

If you dump wet or dry coffee grounds down the garbage disposal, they will seemingly disappear. However, these pesky particles stick to the sides of the disposal unit and don’t make it to the pipes. Over time, the grounds will build up.

Things That Will Destroy Your Garbage Disposal

You may have a garbage disposal for kitchen waste. This doesn’t mean your garbage disposal is a catch-all for anything that fits. If you’ve ever spent time trying to plunge a garbage disposal full of potato peelings, then you understand what we are talking about. You can’t put just anything down your garbage disposal.

Grease and fats are no good for your garbage disposal because they can harden once they cool off. While the hot grease may go down your garbage disposal easily, it can collect in the disposal and build up

Fibrous foods, such as vegetable peelings, aren’t good for your garbage disposal either. The fiber can get caught up in the garbage disposal blades, causing the disposal to stop working. Do not reach your hand into the garbage disposal to remove vegetable peel fibers. You can do serious damage to your hand if the disposal suddenly starts running again.

Eggshells are also a problem for your garbage disposal. While you may have been told that the shells will actually clean your blades, the membrane within the egg can clog the disposal.

Other foods that will hurt your garbage disposal include:

celery because of the long fibers

pasta because it expands in water

coffee grounds because they sit at the bottom of the drains

If you are in doubt about an item, throw your food item in the trash instead. If you have bones and you are worried about the carcass of an animal smelling up your kitchen, put the remains in a tight plastic bag and throw them away instead. Save your garbage disposal from getting destroyed.

Installing A Metal Tile Roof

The Importance Of Tile Roof Maintenance

omes are ever-changing, building designs, materials used in the construction of homes, and the types of roofs. While some tried and tested roofing materials of the past, such as wood shingles and metal roofing, have remained popular, concrete tile roofing has become the known ‘best’ type of roofing material, for many reasons.

Mainly, it is because of the hardy nature of concrete compared to any other material used for roofing, and, the fact that concrete Terracotta tiles will not catch fire, that home owners are flocking to re-roof their homes with it. Another reason is that these roof tiles require minimum maintenance, when compared to other roofing materials.

While nothing lasts forever, the maintenance of concrete roof tiles can make sure that your home is preserved for decades to come.

Roof Tile Maintenance and Preservation of Your Home

A long-lasting home is only possible with a solid, well maintained roof. And, there is no better roofing material that can preserve your home as long as concrete tile roofs can. Under perfect conditions roofs should last for decades, however, life seems to consistently surprise property owners and the chore of maintaining a house is needed, some years more than others.

Concrete roofing tiles, as hardy as these are, can become damaged and pose a risk to your home, specifically when it rains as water can find its way under the roof and cause damage to your home. How can concrete roof tiles become damaged? Well, the main cause of roof tile damage is by trees and tree branches falling on them. Also, people mounting roofs with ladders, and then walking about on them damage roof tiles, this is because most people are unfamiliar with roof construction and don’t know where to step safely.

Basically, cracked or loosened roof tiles is a serious problem, especially if living in areas where it is humid or rains often, as every time water reaches the roof potential water damage can occur. That is why roof tile maintenance and preservation of your home work together. So, to make sure your roof is in good shape it is recommended to have it inspected regularly, as recommended by roofing professionals.

Concrete Tiles Weaknesses

One of the biggest problems we see with concrete roof tiles is the shady roofers who fit them. Since concrete tiles are heavier than their counterparts, they require stronger structures to support them. When owners decide to change the roof from shingles to roof tiles, many roofers neglect to reinforce the roof structure which causes entire sections of the roof to collapse.

The main reason concrete tiles fail is due to the weather. While concrete tiles have a high resistance to wind, they are not completely resistant to high winds, and with the hurricanes, we experience in Florida, the tiles can easily be blown away. Concrete tiles also have a porous texture. This means there are a lot of small holes on the surface of the concrete, which water can get trapped in after it rains. The heating and cooling of stone tiles due to sunshine and rain can also lead to tile cracking. Furthermore, these pockets of water allow moss and mildew to thrive and grow, which can discolor and stain your roof.

Strategies To Concrete Tile Roof Repair

Knowing when your concrete tile roof needs repair is the most important part. Once you have identified what needs to be repaired, you can find a service to suit your needs. Should your roof be stained or growing moss, it can be killed by scrubbing the roof clean with chemical solutions like chlorine bleach. A trend that has seen a lot of growth is pressure washing your roof to remove stains. Pressure washers use a combination of high-pressure water, heat, and an optional soap to clean your roof, however, it is recommended that you have a professional roof cleaning service to do this for you as high-pressure water jets are dangerous and can cause bodily harm if not used properly. They can also cause permanent erosion and damage to your roof tiles if used on too high a pressure for too long.

The more difficult repairs come when roof tiles are cracked or have fallen out which leads to large leaks. When a roof tile has cracked enough that it has caused a leak, there is only one real solution – replace the damaged tile. While this may sound simple, it can become a larger job depending on where in the roof tile is. Since roof tiles are designed to interlock with one another and are held in place with mortar, it is often required that several roof tiles around the damaged tile be removed carefully, while breaking and removing the mortar holding the tiles without breaking any other tiles. Once the tile is replaced, mortar is replaced as needed to match the style of the rest of the house. A similar approach is taken when roof tiles become loose or fall out completely.

Tile Roof Maintenance: Have You Inspected Your Roof Lately?

Home ownership brings great joy to many, but with it, comes the dreaded word – home maintenance.  However, home maintenance doesn’t have to be a burden if you set time aside each year to prevent tomorrow’s problems. This means giving equal importance to both the interior and exterior. Take your roof for instance. Roofs get more abuse from the elements than any other part of your home, and preventative maintenance is a key component to providing a longer service life.

Whether it’s a commercial or residential roof, all roofing systems require some sort of maintenance throughout the year. Concrete tile roofs, under normal conditions, require minimal upkeep. Semi-annual inspections should be done to identify and solve problems as they occur.  An ideal time to perform these inspections would be at the end of winter, as well as towards the end of the summer season.

When inspecting your roof and the surrounding areas be sure to:

  • Check downspout exits to ensure they haven’t been crushed or crumpled, which can restrict drainage.
  • Inspect and clear debris from rooftop gutters and header boxes.
  • Remove leaves and debris from the rooftop.
  • Do not try to remove the debris with a hose because that may cause downspouts to clog.
  • Take note on whether the roof appears unusually sunken or if water is ponding anywhere.
  • Clean before visually inspecting the roof for signs of weathering.
  • Check the property surrounding the building for tall trees with dead limbs.
  • Trim trees and bushes away from your home to minimize mold and algae growth.
  • Inside your home, check interior walls and ceilings for water damage.

Cleaning is Necessary

There are many benefits to regular cleaning of your tile roof.  Whether your tiles are composed of clay or concrete, a regular cleaning will prevent the buildup of dirt and debris from affecting the tiles. It will also prevent the growth of moss and mildew. Left unchecked, an excess of unwanted organic matter on your roof will hold and collect moisture which can eventually block your gutters and cause your roofing system to support unnecessary weight.

Unfortunately, for many homeowners it is more beneficial to leave the unsightly moss and algae on the roof. Regular pressure washing can do more harm than good on a tile roof. Along with washing away the dirt, it can also cause pitting and damage to the tiles, making them susceptible to damage and even more moss and algae growth. If the person cleaning your roof isn’t a professional roofer, they may be unfamiliar with the nuances of working with clay or concrete tiles.

Tiles can be sensitive and foot traffic will often cause them to crack. Make sure you have someone up there who knows what they are doing and can fix a problem if it occurs. Aside from the dirt and debris, there may be other issues with your tile roof: faulty underlayment, missing top flashing, and other problems that a professional roofer can identify before they become a serious problem.

Leave it to the Professionals

A well-maintained roof can be essential for the security and safety of those living in your house. A solid roof will keep your house structurally sound, helping prevent damage to the living spaces. This is because without cracks, your roof will stop any water from leaking in, preventing water damage, rot, and mould. Without leaks and moisture, your dry wall will remain intact, your walls will stay clean, and your electrical system will continue to function safely and properly.

A strong, solid roof will also prevent snakes and other pests from entering your home. It is therefore evident that a strong roof is necessary to keep you safe and prevent dangerous hazards from negatively affecting your living condition.

Some people prefer to look for cracks and damage themselves, instead of hiring South Cross Roofing’s professionals. But the wear and tear may not always be as clear and visible as cracks or holes. Our experienced team knows the hidden signs to look for, what to fix, and how to fix it before the issue worsens.

Additionally, professional roofers have experience working on potentially dangerous roofs; they know the right techniques for remaining safe.  Your roof may seem structurally sound, but this may not always be the case. Our roofers can expertly identify weak points to avoid and prevent injury and further damage to the structure – and to yourself.

How To Hire Interior Commercial Painting Contractors

A–Z of painting terms

Painting is the easiest way to transform your home. Knowing the terms associated with painting will help you get the right products and tools to give you professional results. Here’s our A–Z guide for many of the terms you’re likely to come across during your painting projects.


Acrylic paint is a water-based paint that is water resistant.

Adhesion primer

A primer used on hard-to-paint surfaces such as tiles, laminates and glossy finishes.


The moulding that goes around windows and doorways to cover the join between the frame and the wall finish.


See Architrave.


A rough sand and cement finish applied to brick or blockwork.


An oil based undercoat used to bind powdery or chalky paint.


When bubbles form on a finished paint job. Caused by moisture or other contamination of the surface that paint is applied to. It can also be caused by painting over a previous coat before it has dried thoroughly.


Occurs when two painted surfaces, such as a door and jamb, come together and stick. More likely to occur when using acrylic paints rather than enamel.


Brushes come in different sizes and bristle types to suit various tasks. A good quality brush will give you a better finish and be less likely to lose bristles, which will spoil the job.

Brush marks

These are visible lines or ridges left by the bristles of a brush in a dried paint job.


A box type structure built to hide wiring, pipes and other fittings or to fill the space between the top of your cabinets and the ceiling.


Waterproofing the gaps around or between building materials using a flexible filler.

Ceiling white

A paint specifically designed for ceilings. A flat finish helps hide defects and it has a low spatter formula, so it’s less messy when painting overhead.


A profiled plaster moulding placed at the junction between the wall and ceiling.

Cut in

Using a brush to paint around the edges of a surface that are too difficult to reach with a roller.

Design paints

Paints with surface effects that go beyond simply adding colour. Suited to feature walls or design elements.


A method of painting where an object is dipped in paint rather than having paint applied to it with a brush or roller.

Drop sheet

The cover placed over a surface to prevent paint drops or spatter from landing on it.

Drying time

The time it takes for paint to dry. Touch dry is when paint is dry to touch while recoat time is when paint has hardened sufficiently to be painted over.


A paint type that produces a smooth and hard finish. Typically used on trim and woodwork such as windows and doors.

Epoxy enamel

A paint for metal surfaces that does not require a primer. It protects against rust and has a very durable finish.

Etch primer

A primer for very smooth metal that etches the surface while coating it, providing good adhesion for top coats.

Important Factors That Go Into Interior Painting

When you are looking to paint the interior of your home, you should be well prepared for the painting work ahead. There’s just so much to be done that it’s worth having more information on your side to help you get the job done well.

The Dimensions Of The Space Being Painted

It may seem pretty obvious that you should know the dimensions of the space being painted, but it may not be quite so clear why you are meant to know it.

The Color Paint You Want

Another major factor you should take into consideration is the color paint you are going to want to paint. Though this may seem straightforward, the color paint you ultimately choose is a complicated matter and depends on a number of factors including what the purpose of the room is, what kind of furniture you keep in the room, as well as what kind of personality you are going to want the room to have.

The Finish Of The Paint

Paint finish can really make a difference in a painted room, between making the walls have one kind of look to having an entirely different look, even though they may have the exact same color. The finish can range from the absolute flattest to the most glossy, with the glossiest paints having a sort of shine to them and the flat paints having, well, none.

What To Do With The Furniture

Your furniture should ideally not be in the room with you when you are painting it, so if it’s at all possible, you should try to remove the paint from the room entirely.

Starting a Commercial & Industrial Painting Contractors Business

Opening a commercial and industrial painting contractors business is your ticket to owning a good, stable business but it’s important to plan out the business in detail before you start. We offer nuts-and-bolts information that may be key to your ultimate success.

Commercial and Industrial Painting

You may already be familiar with residential painting companies, where project prices range from $2,000 to $5,000. Commercial and industrial painting is a move up the painting contractors food chain, giving access to much larger projects, albeit more complex projects.

Commercial painting projects involve painting things like hospitals, business interiors and business exteriors. Typical pricing for a commercial painting project might be in the $20,000 to $100,000 range. Industrial projects, in contrast, involve painting much larger structures that may have specialized coating needs. This includes structures in the oil and gas industry, as well as giant manufacturing and processing facilities. For industrial painting contractors, contracts can range from $75,000 to $2,000,000 per project.

Location is obviously key for commercial and industrial painting companies. You need to be located in an area that has a lot of paintable structures, such as office complexes, manufacturing companies and the like. Needless to say, you won’t be able to launch a successful commercial/industrial painting business in a rural area that is mostly corn fields.

Creating a First-Rate Commercial & Industrial Painting Contractors Company Business Plan

A business plan isn’t just another startup formality. It’s a core business document that will guide your commercial and industrial painting contractors business’s decisions and activities on a go-forward basis.


Topics blogged about below include many Painting Tips and articles from our expert contractors, resources, specials, news and other updates


If you’re about to hire a painting contractor to stain either your siding, deck, or both, it means you have to make a choice about the stain. Homeowners tend to forget the wood they select is only part of the job; the stain is what really alters and enhances the look.

The stain doesn’t just magnify the beauty of your wood and wood grain, it helps protect the wood surfaces from the elements. That’s why it’s so important to do this every few years or so, depending on the amount of wear and tear that’s endured.

Best Stain for Your Home

Whether you’re reconditioning wood siding and decks or staining on brand new materials, there are decisions to be made. Wood is a beautiful material, but it needs to be preserved with a finish.

It all starts with opacity or transparency. This is from lightly pigmented to complete coverage. Lighter opacity enables the wood grain to still be visible while the darker it gets; wood grain visibility may disappear completely.

Stain colors let the natural color and grain show through, or enhance and complement them by adding more of a hue. The color you select can also help hide blemishes if that’s applicable.

There are pre-mixed colors or you can create your own, much like paint colors.

For better protection, you’ll want to consider the semi-solid or solid end of the transparency spectrum. This is especially true for wood that is older and more vulnerable.

Don’t worry, stain colors are not limited to variances in just the brown family. These days you have exciting choices ranging from traditional to trendy hues like Avocado; reds, blues, greens, nothing is off limits.


You must have a licence before you do any residential building work in NSW, including painting, valued at more than $5000 (incl GST) in labour and materials. Painting means applying a clear, resin based or pigmented product in liquid form which, when put on a surface by brush, roller or spray gun, forms a dry, adherent film.

Paint may be applied for decorative or protective reasons, and to any appropriate surface on any structure, fixture, fitting or apparatus. In licensing, painting includes:

applying textured coatings by brush, roller or spray gun

preparing and doing minor repairs to (but not renewing or replacing) surfaces before painting them.

Licence types

Painting is Trade Work.

There are different types of licences available in NSW depending on whether you want to contract for another party or supervise work. A contractor licence allows you to contract and advertise to do work. You can only do the types of work described on your licence card. Contractor licences can be issued to individuals and to companies and partnerships.

A qualified supervisor certificate allows you to supervise and do the work described on your certificate. Qualified supervisor certificates are only issued to individuals. A qualified supervisor certificate does not allow you to contract for work.

An endorsed contractor licence is issued to individuals who apply for a contractor licence and who also have the qualifications and experience needed to be a qualified supervisor.

Tile Flooring Practical Solutions For Home Building

Why So Many Homes Prefer Tile Flooring

Are you tired of always cleaning your carpet? Are you considering trading in your carpet for something else? If you are ready to remove your old flooring and can’t decide between hardwood flooring and tile, this article is for you!

Flooring is the visual foundation of your home’s interior. Choosing the right type of flooring in your home contributes to the lighting, comfort levels, and tone of each room of your home. However, when many people decide they are sick of carpet, the next big question is what’s next? Speedy Floor Removal is here to help you remove your old floor, prep it for your new flooring, and give advice on which flooring you should choose for your home!

Hardwood floors

Hardwood flooring not only adds to the aesthetic appeal of your home, but it can also add value to your home According to the National Wood Flooring Association, homes with wood floors sell faster and at higher prices than a home without hardwood floors. Hardwood flooring is a feature that is universally attractive and tends to always stay in style. However, homeowners need to be aware of the pros and cons associated with hardwood flooring during the decision-making process.


  • Easy Maintenance: Hardwood floors can stand the test of time with proper maintenance. Think about it, many homes that are over 100 years old still have their original flooring. Most wood floors just need sweeping or vacuuming to keep clean from dust, debris, and spills. They also only need occasional cleaning with a wood floor cleaner.
  • Versatility: We already discussed the timeless style of hardwood floors, but they are also extremely versatile. If at any point in time you want to change up the look of a room, you can quickly throw an area rug down and have a whole new look to the room! Hardwood floors make it easy to decorate and make it easy to match any style.
  • Variety: Hardwood flooring can also come in a wide selection of variations to match the look and feel of your home. There are many stains, woods, thickness levels, and patterns. There is even the option sometimes to mix and match.


  • Cost: Buying new wood floors is a larger investment when compared to other types of flooring options. It is more expensive than installing tile or carpet.
  • Wear: Hardwood floors can be functional even after many years. However, they will still wear and scratch over time. This means that you may have to refinish and fix areas in your wood floor after installation. If you have a lot of activity in your home, this may be a bigger drawback.
  • Noise: Hardwood floors can be quite noisy when compared to carpet. Once the floors are installed, the wood begins to wear and settle immediately, especially in high-traffic homes. Keep in mind that hardwood floors don’t absorb noise as well as carpets do, making steps and movement in your home a little more noticeable.

Tile floors

Whether you are currently building your dream home or have lived in the same house for years, there may come a time when new flooring is needed. Speedy Floor Removal is here to help you remove your current flooring to make way for new flooring.

Tile flooring is a very practical, economical, and fashionable option when choosing a new floor. Tile is still one of the most popular options when it comes to flooring. It has a diverse range of textures, shapes, colors, and materials that offer unlimited options that can satisfy any design style and budget. Just like hardwood flooring, tile floors have benefits and drawbacks.


  • Durability: Tile flooring is extremely tough—and tiles are often difficult to crack. A good quality tile can last for up to 20 years and even longer if prepared and maintained properly. If a single tile does end up with a crack in it, the process of replacing or fixing the tile is fairly simple, saving you money and stress!
  • Lower Cost: Most flooring can cost anywhere between $4-$10 per square foot, but those numbers can vary to two different extremes. This makes tile flooring moderately more expensive than carpet, but it is less costly when compared to hardwood flooring. Also, depending on where the tile floor is installed, it can add long-term value to your home.
  • Non-allergenic: Just like hardwood flooring, tile is a hard, solid surface that doesn’t attract dirt, dust, pollen, or other allergens. Unlike carpet, small debris stands out on the surface of tile floors, making it easier to spot and clean. Tile floor also helps to promote cleaner air in your home. With a tile floor, it makes it harder for irritating materials to make a home on your floor and in return, helps those that suffer from respiratory problems or asthma.


  • Hardness: Tile is a hard material, making it very easy to clean and maintain. However, this can also make it more difficult and uncomfortable to stand on for long periods of time. Though the hardness of the tile floors can be offset by putting down area rugs in certain places, it isn’t ideal for some homeowners.
  • Weight: The weight of the tile can be a slight problem. Tile floors are heavy, which means that they cannot be installed everywhere. Most of the time tile flooring cannot be installed on upper stories. It is possible but can be more difficult to accomplish.
  • Installation: Any type of floor installation can be difficult depending on many factors. But, tile floors prove to be the most difficult to install. Installation requires many tools, grouts, mortars, etc. This is a project that can be done by an amateur, but it is not recommended. Tile floor installation can be difficult, time-consuming, and prone to mistakes. This is best left to a professional.

Maintenance and Repair

Ceramic flooring is fairly easy to care for—especially glazed tiles, which have a hard protective top layer that makes them impervious to water and most stains. This is the main reason why tile is preferred for wet areas like bathrooms, kitchens, and laundry rooms. Dirt, stains, and liquids rest on the surface, allowing you to easily wipe or mop them away.

Routine maintenance consists of little more than sweeping or vacuuming with a soft brush attachment to keep the floor free of dirt and loose debris. If set-in stains do occur, you can use almost any heavy-duty cleaner without having to worry about damaging the material.

While most ceramic floor tile is glazed, there are unglazed ceramic tiles, such as traditional Saltillo tile. These must be sealed to protect their surface from liquids and stains. And with all types of tile, the grout in between the tiles is susceptible to moisture and stains and should be sealed regularly for protection.

Ceramic flooring is extremely tough and difficult to crack. A quality installation can last for hundreds of years if the floor is well-maintained. If a single tile does crack due to a severe impact, the process for replacing a tile is relatively simple.

Advantages of tile flooring in kitchens:

1. Tile flooring is waterproof. (or extremely water resistant). So, you don’t need to worry about water spilling at the table or extra water by the sink or if one of your appliances has a major issue or just leaks a bit. You also don’t need to worry about who’s cleaning it because these floors are close to indestructable.

2. Tile flooring can be very pretty and has many design possibilities. You can get really artistic and fun w/ designs by putting tiles on a diagonal, using multiple sizes/shapes, adding inserts and/or adding borders. Also, if you have mid-tone wood cabinets, sometimes it’s easier to find a tile that complements the cabinets.  Sometimes, it’s challenging to find a hardwood color that works with some styles of cabinets.

3. If you are using radiant heat, tile will conduct the heat better. Plus, any type of tile should work. With hardwood and radiant heat, your options are limited and you often need to purchase the more expensive hardwoods as your choices have been narrowed for you in terms of what will withstand the radiant heat.

4. Some people just prefer the look of tile. I can’t explain this except to say that some people just like tile better, or they grew up with tile and therefore just prefer it.  Tile is what they expect to see in a kitchen. So for these customers, tile is best for their style.

5. Tile won’t scratch. It’s hard so you don’t need to worry about shoes, chairs or other objects scratching the floor. So for some, having this piece of mind is worth it.  If you have dogs and they tend to scratch the floors, this is a safe bet.

Downsides to Tile Flooring:

1. Tile flooring can crack. This can happen for a number of reasons, but the most common reasons stem from poor installers and/or do-it-yourself installers. They often don’t realize how important floor prep is, and as a result often install on top of plywood (which is a no no) and/or don’t level the floor. Both of these will cause the tile to crack…it’s just a matter of how long it will take.

Also, over time a house can just settle a bit and cause cracks. And, if you’re tile is cracked, it is extremely difficult (and often impossible) to repair just a few tiles without causing additional cracks in other areas). In the long run, solid hardwood will probably last much longer than tile.  I’ve seen many homes w/ hardwood that is over 100 yrs old..sometimes over 200 yrs old.

2. The grout gets dirty and starts to chip away. If you reseal your grout every year, this will help, but over the long run, the grout will often need to be replaced.

Keys To Finding A Quality New Home Builder

Biggest Mistakes to Avoid When Choosing a Custom Home Builder

When seeking the right builder for your custom home, it’s important to find a contractor who understands your personal style, communicates well, enjoys a good reputation and has lots of experience. Once you’ve found the right contractor, it’s important to be open and honest with your builder from the very beginning. Below are some of the common problems that can arise in these early stages of the process when hiring a custom home builder. You can avoid these mistakes by being aware of the potential pitfalls and taking action to avoid them.

Many building companies create misleading advertisements as a way to attract new clients. Marketing materials may make claims like “Build a brand-new custom home for less than $100 per square foot!” Transparency is absolutely paramount when choosing a builder. Builders relying on these types of ads are only looking to secure a contract and then reveal the significant difference between their advertised and actual pricing.

Every custom home is completely original with unique features and floor plans. For instance, a 2500 square foot home with 3.5 baths will have a higher price tag than a 2500 square foot home with 2.5 baths. A single-story ranch will not have the same cost structure as a two-story colonial. Inclusions such as larger kitchens, expanded garages, and finished basements create variables in final costs.

Experience is important. Builder references offer a glimpse into past projects while also giving you a chance to inquire about customer service, quality craftsmanship, business practices and problem solving skills. Beware of custom home builders who will can only provide a two or three names of previous clients.

Don’t Be Shy About Questioning References

When contacting references, choose open-ended questions that provide an in-depth look into the customer’s experience. Yes and no answers to questions are less than helpful. Ask questions about topics such as punctuality, cleanliness, communication styles, and post-construction support


If you have been thinking about building a new home, there are a few things you may want to take into consideration before you sign that builder’s contract. It may seem simple, but buying a new construction home and working with a builder is a lengthy, legal process, which can be complicated, a sometimes a little stressful if you are not prepared.

I wanted to break down how to buy a new construction home, by going over a few trade secrets builders won’t mention to you.  Knowing these can keep you from losing money, save you time and reduce your stress.

Building a new home can be fun, after all, everything in the home, you get to choose.  The builder’s sale center and model homes are designed to get you excited about buying a brand new home.  It is easy to get caught up in all the beautiful options, the decorations and the amenities a new home has to offer.  If you are not careful, it is also very easy to overspend too.

Builder’s Registration

If you have ever been to a builder’s sale center, you probably noticed that the first thing they want you to do is to fill in all your private information.  You don’t have to give them your personal contact information just to see their model homes.

Builders are putting you into a database to contact you later.  While that may not be such a bad thing, it could come back to haunt you if you later decide you want representation to make a purchase with them.  Plus, read the small print to make sure you are not giving them the opportunity to share your private information with their affiliates.

Great Gifts For Builders – Keep Your Contractor Happy

Early morning starts throughout the year, working outside in all weathers, shoveling and lifting heavy loads, climbing up and down ladders, and working with toxic and harmful building materials all take their toll. And often this work is carried out on sites with no electricity, heating, or plumbing too.

Having work done on your home is always an unsettling and stressful time. However, when you get a good builder or contractor, they make the whole process so much easier.

As not only do you get the finish and quality of work that you are looking for, they will also be mindful to keep the noise, dust and disruption down to a minimum while the work is going on. So it’s a really nice gesture to get them something once the job is complete to thank them.

Construction can be thirsty work, and there’s nothing better than getting home and cracking open a cold bottle of beer at the end of a long, hard day of grafting. So why not treat your builder to a few of their favourite beers to help them to relax after all their hard work on your home.

As a case of cold beer from a happy customer is always going to be a nice thing to load onto your van as you are leaving a job. Now any case of beer is likely to be appreciated, but if you want to get something a bit more special you could order them a mixed case of craft beers.

Tips from a Builder to Buying New Construction

There’s nothing better than buying a brand new constructed home right? You don’t have to deal w/ worn carpet or scratched on the wood flooring, the previous owner’s questionable choice in paint color or wallpaper or cumbersome negotiation because of the seller’s emotional ties to the home.


First releases – If at all possible, buy in the first release. You can get the scoop from sites like New Home Source or Top Ten New Homes or from your local news. In the first release, builders are not certain how the market will respond still. After that initial feedback they will adjust or raise prices and become harder to negotiate.

Units in the middle of the development – Away from street traffic and more privacy

End units – Especially if it’s a town home or row house style development. End units have only one shared wall instead of two.

Directions – How is the unit orientated to how the sun rises and falls? Having the living space in the east would be good as the sun rises, but better make sure you have good blinds or curtains if the master bedroom faces east.


Many agents will pick up their clients, drop them off, and pick them back up in 30 minutes. They might as well drive for Uber/Lyft if that’s the case. No wonder people have the perception they don’t need an agent. The sales rep at these project sites might seem helpful, but remember they represent the builders and often have quotas and incentives to close you fast. They do not have your best interest in mind. Having a buyer’s agent cost you nothing and they can help you negotiate as well as to watch out for pitfalls.


Builder’s reputation – Talk to your agent and other homeowners of previously homes constructed by the same builder about their experience. Look for online reviews, local licensing boards, or Better Business Bureau to see if there’s been complaints or worse, liens on the property because the builder skipped out on paying contractors.

What else is going up in the area – Again, talk to some folks in the area or the local planning department to get a sense what else is getting built in the area.

Contract – Builders often use custom contracts instead of the standard form used by your state or local MLS that has been combed through and litigated on until the cows come home. These contracts are very builder friendly. You’ll want to consider having a lawyer review the documents for you.

HOA documents – Review the HOA bylaws and Covenants, Conditions, and Restrictions (CC&R’s). How much are HOA dues? What amenities are included? Parking? Guest Parking? Pets? Rental restrictions? What do the HOA insurance cover? Pay special attention to some of these items that can dramatically impact your quality of life and checkbook. Also note when you have to start paying dues. Most builders cove the costs until at least 50% of the project has been sold.


Knowing what is important and what they are flexible on is the key to successful negotiations. For the builders it is unlikely for them to budge on price and set a precedent for the next buyer. However, below are some items you are likely to have good success negotiating for:

Closing costs or credits – Some builders will cover your closing costs or give you credit towards closing.

At cost upgrades – It’s not uncommon for the builder to mark up 50% for upgrades. It’s like pizzas… they get you with the toppings. You might be able to roll the cost of the upgrades into your loan amount vs paying out of pocket to a contractor later but why pay more when you don’t have to?

Electrical – It’s way easier to put in recessed lighting from the get go instead of trying to do it yourself later. I usually ask for these things along with better switches, surround sound wiring, cable and fan outlets.

Amenities – New homes often don’t come with fences, decks, window blinds, or landscaping. You can ask for thee instead of paying out of pocket for them later.

Appliances – if the builder won’t budge on anything else, at least try to get a free fridge and washer dryer.

Keys to Designing Beautiful Spaces When Building a Custom Home

If you are like most people building a custom home for the first time, or perhaps after not quite achieving the design you wanted on your first home, the thought of making all of your selections comes with more than a little fear.

Their path usually is a variation of this: He or she is inspired by something they see, often never researching if it will work in their own space or some give only cursory thought to how it would fit their home and generally skip straight to how much will this cost? I can understand the temptation to follow this path but for the many reasons outlined below, it is wrong.

Now before you say ‘Wait, the only reason I was interested in the project is because I liked what I saw!’, let me explain.  While it is true that most inspiration is born from a well executed design seen in someone else’s space, attempting to make that inspiration your starting place can create rigid ideals that are hard to adjust later on.  I explain it to my clients this way: ‘Be careful what you fall in love with because it is difficult to fall out of love with something when the budget does not work out’. Another way to put it is this: You can not create a space that looks amazing if it does not work in the space you have planned. You will also never achieve the look if it is outside your budget.

When you approach design in the prescribed order (Budget -> Function -> Aesthetic) you make your decisions based upon foundational choices that enable the ultimate design.

In this article I will share with you how these three major focus points that are critical to a successful design, when approached in the proper order, can propel you toward your final product. Every design choice must be a balance between affordable, practical and desirable. The trick is to find your perfect mix of the three which is sometimes easier said than done.

how much am I willing to spend?

Keep in mind that I used the phrase willing to spend intentionally. Just because the bank will lend you XXX dollars to work with does not mean that this is your budget amount.  It is best to know your top dollar amount you are willing to borrow and then reduce that by a minimum of 5% to allow for unexpected expenses or things you want to splurge on along the way.

The Benefits Of Loading Services For Companies

Make a Smooth Transition

You never know how much stuff you have until it’s time to move. Once you start packing, you can feel the stress starting to build up.

Depend On for Commercial & Residential Moving Services

If you have to put your business on hold to move to a new location, you want the process to go as quickly and smoothly as possible.

professional commercial movers who can move your business in no time. We’ll move the entire business operation, including:


Office equipment

Office furniture

Heavy-duty equipment


You don’t have to feel swamped by your belongings leading up to a move. Trust Moving & Storage to handle every aspect of your move.

Here are three reasons why should be your preferred moving company:

1. have the most capable employees:

Our professional crew is efficient, trustworthy and experienced. don’t hire temp help-all of employees meet strict criteria.

2. offer fair and accurate pricing:

You won’t have any surprises when you get the bill. Plus, provide free in-home estimates so you’ll know exactly what to expect.

3. provide all needed materials:

Forget about scrambling to buy packing materials the day before your move. crew comes prepared with all the packing materials need.

Apply to be a Household Goods Mover

which provides the following advice for household moving.

Be flexible.

Choose carefully. If your move is from point to point within Oregon, only use a mover certified.

Ask the mover to provide its certificate number.

Get a written, signed estimate and keep it.

Be ready when the mover arrives.

Accompany the mover to make up an inventory of your items to be moved.

Understand and agree with the bill of lading before you sign it.

Before scheduling your move, require the mover to explain limits of liability and your options for loss and damage protection.

Be at the destination at the time agreed upon for delivery.

Check the condition of your property before you sign a delivery receipt

Make an Inventory List

Movers are not required to provide an inventory list of goods moved in local hourly moves. You may want to prepare your own inventory and count the items and boxes as they are loaded and unloaded. Discuss this with the mover in advance because a successful loss or damage claim settlement may depend on it

Protect Your Household Goods

See the Household Goods Bulletin above for insurance options and value information for your move.

See ready-to-assemble furniture on this page for additional valuation information.

Other valuation protection options may be offered by the mover, if approved by the Department of Transportation.

Be sure the bill of lading indicates the option you have chosen before you sign it.

You must choose an option. If your mover fails to have you select an option, Replacement Cost Protection will be selected at your expense.

Caution: If the actual value of your goods is higher than the amount you declare on the bill of lading, you may NOT be fully covered. If you are unsure of the value of your goods, check your homeowner´s policy or call your insurance agent.

Beware of Unlicensed Movers

If you choose an unlicensed mover, intentionally or unintentionally, there may be little or no protection for loss or damage to your property. occasionally receives complaints from people who hired unlicensed movers, including complaints that a mover is virtually holding hostage a person;s household goods until they pay more money.

Getting House Removals Quotes is Easy

Before you move house

Moving house is notorious as one of the most stressful experiences you can go through; before you can start your new life in your new home there’s a lot to do. Preparation in advance is the key to having a successful house move.

To Do List

To make sure your move goes as smoothly as possible we’d recommend making a checklist of tasks you need to complete before the removals van rolls up

Tell people you’re moving

Other than friends and family make sure you give notice to authorities like HMRC and the council, also notify energy companies, transfer your TV licence and cancel or re-direct subscriptions services – such as ISPs, gyms or mail order services. You can also apply for postal re-direction though there is a fee.

Get rid of stuff

Moving is a great reason to sell off any hoarded items you’ve been keeping “just in case.” You don’t want to move more things than necessary so charities, eBay or car-boot sales are the order of the day.

Arrange a removal company

When you’ve sorted out the initial tasks of tidying and informing the proper parties of your move, you need to arrange a moving company. Moving companies provide varying levels of service when it comes to helping you pack and load, (see the next tab for more on finding moving services).

Movers in that you can trust.

Few things in life are as stressful as moving – whether it is a residential home, an office or a storage locker, packing everything you own in a logical, safe and organized way is always difficult (and that’s if everything goes according to plan).

offers a fair price, treats your belongings with care and respect and works efficiently is absolutely essential to your move being successful. But, how do you find one? The internet contains a labyrinth of review sites all providing conflicting reports on the quality or lack of quality for the various moving companies, making it very difficult to separate the good from the bad

moving company that is imbedded within the local community. It has been in operation since 2014 and offers a variety of moving services, including – residential moves, office moves and storage services

largest moving companies and has more than 250 dedicated employees who will facilitate your move for you

moving company that is imbedded within the local community. It has been in operation since 2014 and offers a variety of moving services, including – residential moves, office moves and storage services



Pack one room at a time. Be sure to label each carton as you proceed.

Pack what you need least, first. (i.e. If it is winter, pack all your spring items).

Try to keep all packed boxes as close to the door as possible.

Place heavier items in smaller boxes, linens and towels in medium sized boxes.

Label cartons by listing what items are in the box and designate which room it should be delivered to.

Try to pack a few cartons a day, starting well ahead of the move.

Be sure to have the correct packing materials.

Be sure that the bottoms of all cartons are secured and will hold the weight of the contents.

All heavier items should be packed toward the bottom of the box and lighter items toward the top.

Regarding carton size keep this in mind “the heavier the item, the smaller the carton.”


DO: Be sure to remove all items that might break. Partially empty drawers and fill spaces with small, fragile items like clocks or picture frames wrapped in loose clothing.

DON’T: Leave bureau drawers completely full for the move — the bureau will be too heavy.

DON’T: Overload the bureaus drawers or damage may occur.

DON’T: Put tape on drawers — it could stick to the finish.

China and Crystal

DO: Use tape, small and medium boxes, bubble wrap, un-printed newspaper.

DON’T: Use compartmentalized liquor boxes unless the compartments are made of sturdy cardboard and you put a layer of packing material on the bottom first.

DO: Wrap glasses and cups in bubble wrap or newspaper.

DON’T: Forget to mark the appropriate room for each carton.

DO: Seal and mark fragile china.

“Packing Services” are available upon request and can be provided in conjunction with any of the above job types or independantly. provides standard packing supplies in addition to specialized items upon request.

Tips For Event Planner

What are the different types of event planners?

Some people may enjoy consulting as a living, so smaller events may be right up their alley! Or, if you’re more of a social butterfly, getting hired by a larger corporation would be a great fit in order to be hands on with large-scale trade shows and events.

There are tons of opportunities out there for event planners – which one do you think you are or are aspiring to be? Below are a few different areas you can test out if they sound appealing to you!

The Consulting Free Bird

How many times have you woken up and considered working for yourself as a living? Consulting gigs are awesome for those who don’t want to feel tied down at a larger corporation, or drive long distances to an office every day. You can create a very fun career path for yourself as a consulting event planner, signing on smaller jobs to keep your projects moving and due dates met on time. It may become too much for work one person alone to manage larger events while consulting, but if you have a small team working with you out of your home office, or remotely, it could be worth looking into planning larger executive meetings, dinners, and parties.

The idea around consulting is to offer your professional services to a person or group of people – you’re providing them with your amazing creative talents, ideas for ways to make their events shine, and show them how to stay on track to meet deadlines, set goals for before, during and after the events, and trust you will hire the best vendors in town to help pull of a great experience for them!

The Team Lover

Being in an office is extremely fun for some event planners. They prefer to wake up, get dressed, grab a cup of coffee, and get started around larger teams at companies that attend trade shows, regional events, host webinars, roadshows, and perhaps even host their own annual corporate event! The office event planner is very organized, has a day-to-day agenda for scheduled meetings to attend, vendors he or she loves to work with on events of all sizes, and knows how to keep track of budgets. It’s important to keep checklists for events to not only keep the planner on track, but also the team helping with the event. Their extended team usually consists of marketing members, sales, and sometimes execs. You will want to build relationships with these other team members as you start your corporate role as a planner to ensure there is trust between you, and you can all work easily and smart together to ensure successful events from beginning to end.

Planning events at a corporation is not an easy task, and for bigger brands, you will be planning events on a monthly, sometimes even weekly basis. Having the right attitude and personality is essential for working in the corporate planning world.

The Social Butterfly

If you’re looking for something a little bit more social and upscale from corporate planning or consulting gigs, the perfect fit for you might be in the area of wedding and party planning! These types of events can sometimes feel super stressful and overwhelming as you enter in your first couple of weddings or parties. There is the expectation from clients that they will “want the very best” when it comes to their wedding day or party they are planning. Clients usually come with ideas swirling around in their heads, so the perfect planner will be open to these ideas, and willing to guide the client into the right direction to ensure money is saved and they get exactly what they are looking for without going too over-the-top.

Wedding and party planning can be a ton of fun; so having vendors in mind that you like to work with is always handy when meeting new clients. You want to impress clients with the best of the best, and at the same time save them money.

Different Names for Event Planners

Administrative Assistant

This position may be responsible for planning minor events or office functions but isn’t planning large scale events. Most of their duties revolve around managing and distributing information within an office. Typically, their main responsibility ranges significantly depending on industry and supervisor but generally includes answering phones and scheduling meetings.

Event Coordinator

This is the first true position focused on events. Generally, this position is a lower level one and involves coordinating all aspects of professional meetings and events. They often choose meeting locations, arrange transportation, and coordinate other details.

Event Planner

This position ensures that everything related to an event is taken care of, from idea conception to programming and day-of logistics. They’re responsible for more aspects of the event and events are their job.

Event Manager

Manage staff responsible for event coordination activities. Coordinate details of events such as conferences, weddings, birthdays, anniversaries, charity events, surprise parties, trade shows, sales meetings, business meetings, employee appreciation events, and virtual events.

Event Technologist

An event technologist’s technical expertise allows them to make sense of different, ever-changing functions across the event technology stack, and then communicate them clearly to stakeholders in other parts of the organization. As part of the planning team, event technologists deeply understand the event goals and can, therefore, therefore find the best possible tech solutions to meet them.

Director of Events

Directs and oversees the planning of meetings and special events for an organization. This is a top position in the field and held by those that have years of experience.

The best types of events for hitting business goals

In this section, we will cover the top four most useful corporate event types. Each type includes a short description of what it is along with details about which business goals they’re best for, what types of venues you’ll need, how to plan your event layout, and real-world examples from leading brands that you can actually learn from. Let’s jump right in!


A conference is a large event (attendance numbers are typically in the hundreds or thousands) focused on a central theme or industry that is typically held over multiple days. Event activities for this event type include speakers, exhibitions, contests, and networking opportunities as well as more recreational get-togethers pre- and post-conference.

  • Best for these business goals: Raise product or brand awareness, increase sales, position company as an expert
  • Ideal venues for this event type: Conference and convention centers

Trade Shows

Trade shows bring together tons of like-minded brands under the umbrella of one major theme. This interactive event type relies on exhibition booths and interesting partners to create memorable experiences for their audience.

  • Best for these business goals: Showcase a variety of products both old and new, connect face to face with your audience, supercharge lead generation, build sales/marketing contact lists
  • Ideal venues for this event type: Conference and convention centers, auditoriums, universities


On the surface, seminars are a lot like conferences. The biggest difference is that seminars are entirely dedicated to instruction and training. Because they’re academic in nature, it makes sense why they’re often done as a series and involve smaller groups than their more massive and diverse event type counterparts.

  • Best for these business goals: Product training, employee training, certifications or courses, develop or strengthen long term customer loyalty
  • Ideal venues for this event type: Classrooms, board rooms, small to medium size multifunction spaces

Corporate off-sites & executive meetings

Corporate off-sites and executive meetings are face-to-face events that often involve high level employees and/or key business partners. Companies use this type of event for lots of reasons but it’s up to the event planner to set them up for success through clear agendas, creative environments, and tools or policies that improve productivity. 

  • Best for these business goals: Generate new ideas, complete a specific task, make important decisions, establish partnerships
  • Ideal venues for this event type: Boardrooms, restaurants, co-working spaces

Company parties

Company parties bring employees together to celebrate shared victories, acknowledge milestones, boost morale, and enjoy holidays. While the focus of this type of event is usually fun and relaxation, event planners can still set and achieve concrete goals for their colleagues.

  • Best for these business goals: Show appreciation for employees, facilitate interdepartmental mingling, improve company culture
  • Ideal venues for this event type: Restaurants, converted warehouses, unique venues, on-site event facilities, wedding venues, recreational venues

Product launch

Product launches help formally spread the word about a new brand, partnership, product/service, or special offer. These in-person events generate buzz and help attendees get to know your company better.

  • Best for these business goals: Increase sales, improve brand recognition, connect more intimately with fans
  • Ideal venues for this event type: Boutiques, hotels, spas, golf courses, restaurants/bars, any industry-specific venue that allows for mingling, photography, and mini booths.

Plan the right event type the right way 

In order to help organize, keep track of, and monitor goal progress, you’re going to need to rely on a great free event planning software like Social Tables. In addition to helping you hit business goals, Social Tables helps corporate event planners find and strategically diagram venues to make sure they’re getting the most out of their investment.

Why You Need A Dog Bite Lawyer

What Happens if a Dog Bites Someone on Your Property?

Below you’ll learn about the different scenarios in a dog bite lawsuit involving an incident on your property, as well as a brief primer on whether your homeowner’s or renter’s insurance will cover the alleged damages. Keep in mind, this is a general overview and each state has its own, unique dog bite laws and statutes. Be sure to check the laws in your state or contact a local attorney to learn more.

Premises Liability: What Standard of Care Do You Owe?

The first thing we should look at in a dog bite case on your property is premises liability. When a person enters your property they have a reasonable expectation they will not be injured. This is known as the “standard of care.” A homeowner owes a certain standard of care to anyone on their property. That’s pretty fair, right? This means the owner or occupier of the property, such as a renter, must maintain a relatively safe environment for all persons entering the premises. This includes keeping potentially dangerous animals away from guests or being sure to put up warning signs about the animal’s propensities.

Invited Guests and Others

In most situations, dog owners owe a reasonable duty of care to anyone lawfully on their property. If the injured person can show the owner’s negligence or failure to use reasonable care in restraining the dog or warning of the dog’s dangerous propensities, they may sue for damages in many states.


You may find it shocking to know that the law in a minority of states actually allows trespassers who are bitten by your dog on your property to bring a lawsuit. It will ultimately depend on both the state you are in and whether or not there is a dog bite statute in place that protects owners from liability to trespassers. For instance, Florida’s dog bite statute only allows persons to sue the owner or occupier if they are bitten by a dog and that person is in a public place or lawfully in a private place. Simply put, a person is not lawfully in a private place if they are trespassing, attempting to commit a burglary, or other criminal offense.

Dangerous Propensities

If your Chihuahua Daffodil has sunk her teeth into people in the past, you are on notice that she can be considered dangerous under the law. In that case, if Dangerous Daffodil bites someone on your property, the homeowner or occupier may be held strictly liable. A safeguard against this, however, is to put up a warning sign, indicating there is a dangerous dog on the property.s if a Dog Bites Someone on Your Property?

Why Hire a Dog Bite Attorney?

Dog bites are incredibly frequent occurrences, especially in California. Though there are several breeds in particular that are linked to attacks, such as Rottweilers, Pit Bulls, and German Shepherds, the owner can also be responsible if they mistreat or abuse the dog.

Dog bite incidents can be terrifying and often lead to lasting mental trauma and anguish in addition to the physical injuries. This is especially true in cases involving infants and minors.

Because dog bite cases can be complex, it is imperative that you are represented by an experienced and knowledgeable dog bite attorney right from the beginning. There is much more that goes into dog bite claims beyond negotiating a settlement with the dog’s owner or their homeowner’s insurance carrier. Some of the things that need to be done as soon as possible after a dog bite include:

  • Seek medical attention (Call 911 or go directly to the emergency room)
  • Take photographs of the injuries
  • Contact witnesses and obtain statements
  • Report the attack to animal control services
  • Investigate the dog’s owner
  • Contact insurance companies and establish claims

What to Do If a Dog Has Bitten You

If a dog has bitten you, there are several things you should do as soon as possible:

  • Immediately stop any bleeding. Clean the wound with soap and water.
  • Seek medical attention. Go to your doctor’s office, an urgent care facility, or a hospital emergency room.
  • Get the dog owner’s name and contact information (address and phone number).
  • Obtain proof of rabies vaccination.
  • Notify the police or local animal control officer.
  • Contact a dog bite injury lawyer to discuss your rights.

Obtaining rabies information is critical. Rabies is a deadly virus that, if left untreated, is nearly always fatal. Cleaning the dog bite wound thoroughly with soap and generous amounts of water may help to disperse the rabies virus, if present.

Washing the affected area may also help to prevent further infections because, in addition to the rabies virus, dog bite injuries can carry bacteria that can cause several different infections and may require treatment with antibiotics.

Important Points To Consider

  • It is a huge risk to allow your dog to run free without a leash. If your dog bites or injures another person while running free and uncontrolled, you will most likely be held liable, even if your dog has never injured or bitten anyone before. Your insurance company may or may not assign a dog bite lawyer to represent you.
  • If you are bitten by a dog who is running loose, you are probably entitled to compensation for your injuries by the dog’s owner. Call a dog bite lawyer.  Don’t be lulled into feeling sorry for the dog’s owner, who may be frantically and actively trying to regain control of the dog. The owner will probably be very apologetic, will be very upset, and will tell you that the dog has never bitten anyone before.  None of this matters, though. Most likely, the dog’s owner will have applicable liability insurance. You should not be saddled with medical expenses you incurred through no fault of your own and the Tennessee legislature has provided you with the means to achieve fair compensation.  Business is business, even if you are a dog lover yourself.

Tips for Negotiating a Dog Bite Injury Claim Without an Attorney

Once you begin negotiating with the claims adjuster, there are two categories of damages you’ll try to get the insurance company to pay:

  • Special Damages are the ‘hard costs” of your dog bite claim, such as medical bills, lost wages, and out-of-pocket expenses. You can measure hard costs with bills, statements, and receipts.
  • General Damages are also known as “pain and suffering.” There are no objective measurements for pain, suffering, and other forms of emotional distress from a dog attack.

Here we’ve organized a list of tips to help you establish a valid dog bite claim and successfully negotiate your hard costs.

Tip 1: Seek Immediate Medical Attention

Immediate medical attention after a dog attack is essential to your personal health and safety, as well as your insurance claim. If someone called 911, let the paramedics treat you at the scene. If they want to take you to the hospital, go with them.

If you are not transported directly to the emergency room, it’s important to see your primary care provider or go to an urgent care center right away. Even if you don’t need stitches, dog bites and scratches can cause serious diseases and infections without prompt treatment. Tell every person who treats you exactly when, where, and how you were attacked. Describe the dog and identify the owner, as best you can. It’s important to create a link between your medical treatment and the dog attack.

Never refuse or delay medical treatment for a dog bite. The insurance company would jump at the chance to deny your claim, arguing that your injuries are not connected with their insured.

Tip 2: Report the Dog Bite to Local Authorities

Most states require medical care providers to report dog bites. In any case, be sure to report the dog attack to your local animal control department.

An animal control officer will contact the dog’s owner for proof of current rabies vaccinations and other health issues.

Animal control officers have the authority to:

  • Have the dog tested for rabies
  • Issue citations against the dog owner
  • Order for the owner to confine or muzzle the dog
  • Remove the dog from the location for observation

Dogs of any age and size can carry rabies and other diseases. You need to know what you’re dealing with, so don’t hesitate to report the dog attack to local authorities.

Tip 3: Find Out About the Dog Owner

You’ll need the name and address of the dog owner, as well as their contact information and the name of their insurance company. If they rent their home, try to get the landlord’s information, too. If the owner is a stranger or ducking your attempts to speak with them, see if the information you need is in the police report or animal control report. Follow up with the animal control officer to verify the health status of the dog and get a copy of their report. Also, ask if any other complaints have been made about the same dog or the dog’s owner. If you find out the dog has a record of biting, or the owner has a history of complaints about letting their dogs run loose, you can use that information to support your insurance claim.

Tip 4: Check Your Local Dog Bite Laws

Depending on where you live, you can use state and local dog bite laws to support your claim. Some states follow a “strict liability” rule that makes the owner responsible for their dog’s attack, even when the owner took every reasonable precaution. A few states have a “one bite” rule that lets the owner off the hook if there was no reason to believe the dog would bite. You can still have a valid claim despite the “one bite” rule if you can prove the dog owner was negligent, like walking their dog without a leash.

When a dog owner fails to take reasonable action to prevent their dog from injuring others, the dog owner is negligent and responsible for damages. It’s up to you to show the insurance adjuster that their insured should have prevented their dog from attacking you.

Liability is a legal term for responsibility. Under most circumstances, the dog owner is liable for the victim’s damages when their dog bites someone.

Negligence happens when a dog owner does something wrong or fails to control their dog, as any reasonable dog owner would.

A reasonable dog owner knows when their dog might be a hazard to others. For example, if their dog lunges at strangers, snarls, snaps at children, or is aggressive toward other dogs, the owner should know the dog might hurt someone. In most jurisdictions, owners and handlers of working military and police dogs are protected from liability from injuries caused by their dogs.

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